This guide is for my fellow voice artists getting their home studio gear in order. I hope you find some value in this when considering your home recording setup.
The best mic to have in any studio never mind a home studio is the Neumann U-87 but it is very pricy. The Neumann TLM-103 is the best 2nd option and some say it is fine as a first choice because it is a U-87 minus omni feature and a few minor changes. If you are going to do single voice recordings the TLM-103 is brilliant!
A digital audio interface is important. It is the interface between any analogue equipment like a microphone and your computer equipment in your home studio. One with a decent microphone preamplifier to suit your chosen microphone. I love Focusrite products hence my link to some of their interfaces, but you can do research of your own that might lead you to another producer.
Depending on your operating system, you can choose the editing suite of your choice to suit your home studio setup. A free solution is Audacity. But paid for options may provide you with more production options and easier functionality.
Here are three options. Note that you can find bundles offering hardware and software bundles. There are sometimes discounts to be had. Be sure to check whether it will work on your computer system by checking the requirements.
When you listen to your recordings on ordinary speakers the sound may not be true. Normal computer speakers tend to enhance sounds and give a false sense of the recording, which is not at all ideal for your home studio. You need reference speakers or headphones. Headphones can easily damage your hearing even if they are an essential part of the recording industry. Speakers or monitors are easier on your ears but are more expensive. To start off with get a good pair of reference headphones and get speakers when you have the cash.
The room or space you record in needs to be treated to avoid room interference like echo, reverb and more. There are plenty of good sources related to treating the space you plan to work in. It is possible to use everyday household items like thick mattresses, cushions, thick blankets and duvets to treat your space to start out with. Note that you will use maybe three times the volume of material, using not purpose materials for sound treatment, instead of production materials designed for it… The investment in pro materials is well worth it when you have the cash.
A good rule of thumb. Hard surfaces keep sound out, soft surfaces absorb sound. A brick and mortar room is good at keeping sound out. But windows and the ceiling are the weak spots, also the door. In other words if you plan to record in a room you want to place the microphone in such a position that it’s recording side faces them as little as possible… Then you want to prevent reflected sounds from reaching the microphone. For that soft surfaces need to be placed such that any sound reflection off of walls etc get minimized… Google is your friend where this is concerned.
Pinterest and Google are great sources of inspiration when it comes to design esthetics. Don’t rush into setting your studio in stone. It will take time for you to make it comfortable to your needs, so a pliable initial setup is in my opion essential for your home studio. At least in the beginning.